prune

1.
n.
1 a dried plum.
2 colloq. a silly or disliked person.
Etymology: ME f. OF ult. f. L prunum f. Gk prou(m)non plum
2.
v.tr.
1 a (often foll. by down) trim (a tree etc.) by cutting away dead or overgrown branches etc. b (usu. foll. by off, away) lop (branches etc.) from a tree.
2 reduce (costs etc.) (must try to prune expenses).
3 a (often foll. by of) clear (a book etc.) of superfluities. b remove (superfluities).
Phrases and idioms:
pruning-hook a long-handled hooked cutting tool used for pruning.
Derivatives:
pruner n.
Etymology: ME prouyne f. OF pro(o)ignier ult. f. L rotundus ROUND

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prune — prune …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • prune — [ pryn ] n. f. et adj. inv. • 1265; lat. pruna, de prunum 1 ♦ Fruit du prunier, de forme ronde ou allongée, à peau fine, de couleur variable, à chair juteuse, sucrée, agréable au goût. ⇒ mirabelle, quetsche, reine claude. La prune est une drupe à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • prune — PRUNE. s. f. Sorte de fruit à noyau dont il y en a de diverses sortes. Grosse prune. bonne prune. prune qui quitte le noyau. prune imperiale. prune de damas. prune de perdrigon. prune diaprée. prune de sainte Catherine. prune de damas violet.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Prune — Prune, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pruned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Pruning}.] [OE. proine, probably fr. F. provigner to lay down vine stocks for propagation; hence, probably, the meaning, to cut away superfluous shoots. See {Provine}.] 1. To lop or cut off… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prune — Prune, n. [F. prune, from L. prunum a plum. See {Plum}.] A plum; esp., a dried plum, used in cookery; as, French or Turkish prunes; California prunes. [1913 Webster] {German prune} (Bot.), a large dark purple plum, of oval shape, often one sided …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prune — Prune, v. i. To dress; to prink; used humorously or in contempt. Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prune — UK US /pruːn/ verb [T] ► to reduce the number or amount of something: »The plan for the next financial year is to prune 25% off the budget …   Financial and business terms

  • Prune — Rare, le nom est surtout porté dans la Sarthe. Difficile de savoir s il évoque un marchand de prunes, un lieu où pousse le prunier, ou encore s il s agit d un sobriquet (celui qui est petit et rondouillard comme une prune). On rencontre la forme… …   Noms de famille

  • prune — Ⅰ. prune [1] ► NOUN 1) a plum preserved by drying and having a black, wrinkled appearance. 2) informal a disagreeable person. ORIGIN Greek prounon plum . Ⅱ. prune [2] ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Prune — Prune, Farbstoff, s. Gallocyanin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • prune — index decrease, diminish, minimize, retrench Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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